Landlords have responsibilities to tenants occupying their units. They must ensure that their customers are satisfied and have a high-quality product.
Nevada law states that landlords must remove mold in their properties before new tenants occupy them. Further, landlords ensure that their properties are clean, safe, and habitable. Removing mold from the property is part of keeping the property livable.
Tenants should ensure that they keep the units they live in clean and habitable. They should also fix any damage that they cause to the property.
- Keep the unit in habitable condition. It means that the unit must meet all health and housing codes.
- Ensure that the units have an adequate water supply. The property must have both cold and hot water.
- Ensure that the property is connected to a proper sewerage system.
- Ensure adequate heating facilities that are maintained in proper working condition.
- Provide garbage receptacles and ensure that the garbage is collected and properly disposed of.
- Keep common areas clean and safe.
- Install and maintain HVAC systems.
- Pay for any repairs required. Also, the landlord and the tenant can agree in good faith for the tenant to pay for minor damages and remodeling.
Tenant rights and responsibilities in Nevada
- Pay rent on time and in the agreed amounts.
- Comply with the lease requirements.
- Proper garbage disposal.
- Maintain the unit in safe, clean, and habitable condition.
- Use all fixtures and landlord appliances reasonably.
- Not destroy or damage the unit intentionally or allow anyone else to do so.
- Not disturb neighbors’ peaceful enjoyment of the premises.
Resource: See other states mold laws here
How long does a landlord have to repair a mold problem in Nevada?
In Nevada, landlords must fix or respond to tenants’ problems in 48 hours.
For major problems, such as water leaks that can cause mold, landlords should fix the problems in 24 hours.
Landlords must issue a 24-hour notice to their tenants when they need to access their units. During emergencies or to fix problems, tenants and landlords can arrange to shorten the notice period. It will ensure that repairs are completed fast for the unit to maintain its habitability and comfort.
When the problems are not emergencies, landlords have up to 14 days to complete the repairs.
Mold disclosure law in Nevada
According to Nevada law, landlords and property sellers must disclose any problems including mold if they are aware of their presence.
The Nevada disclosure form provides a long list of problems that the landlord or seller of property ticks against to indicate that they are aware of their presence.
The disclosure must be made at least 10 days before the signing of the lease or purchase agreement.
Landlords and home sellers must provide honest disclosures. If they do not:
- Buyers can rescind contracts if the disclosures are not honest.
- Honesty ensures that your buyer or renter does not negotiate on the price too hard as you have factored in the problems in the house.
- You can get sued when problems not disclosed such as mold are discovered after the tenant or buyer has already paid and moved into the home.
Can you break a rental lease in Nevada due to mold?
A Nevada tenant can break their rental lease without penalty only under the following conditions.
- Starting active military duty.
- Age and physical and mental disability.
- The unit is unsafe and does not meet the health code.
- Landlord harassment or violation of the right to privacy.
- You are a victim of domestic abuse.
Nevada encourages landlords to rent out the unit if a tenant leaves before their lease is over. The landlord cannot keep the unit empty and sue you after the lease period is over for overdue rent or breach of contract.
Can a Nevada tenant withhold rent?
In Nevada, a tenant can withhold their rent to pay for repairs that their landlord does not.
Additionally, a tenant is allowed to repair and deduct the amount paid for the repairs from the rent.
Can a Nevada tenant seek justice in court?
You can sue your landlord for the following reasons.
- When your home is uninhabitable. If the home is unsafe and unlivable from mold or another problem and your landlord has refused to fix it, you can sue them.
- Interferes with your right to quiet enjoyment. Once you sign the rental lease, the landlord should allow you the freedom to enjoy the property in peace. They should always give notice if they want to access the property
- Wrongful eviction.
- When you get injured at the property.